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Climate Change and Paris Agreement

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Paris Agreement

Climate change is the long-term transformation of the Earth’s climate system, which includes, among other things, changes in temperature, precipitation patterns, and extreme weather occurrences. Human actions, such as the use of fossil fuels and deforestation, contribute significantly to these changes by releasing massive amounts of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere.

The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) was established in 1992 in response to the issue of climate change, with the goal of stabilizing greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that would avoid hazardous human interference with the climate system. The Paris Agreement, signed in 2015, is a major international treaty under the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change that intends to address climate change by reducing global warming to far below 2°C over pre-industrial levels and pursuing efforts to limit warming to 1.5°C.

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The Paris Accord contains many critical components that make it a valuable instrument for combating climate change:

Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs)

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Each participating nation must submit an NDC outlining its climate change mitigation and adaptation objectives and plans. NDCs are revised every five years and are meant to indicate a step forward from prior objectives.

Paris Agreement
Paris Agreement

Transparency and Accountability

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Participating nations are obligated to report on their progress toward reaching their NDCs and actions to decrease greenhouse gas emissions on a regular basis. This data is subject to scrutiny by a transparency mechanism designed to guarantee that governments achieve their obligations.


The Paris Agreement acknowledges the need for considerable investment to assist developing nations in their efforts to combat climate change. Developed nations must contribute financial resources to assist poor countries in transitioning to a low-carbon economy and adapting to climate change consequences.

Technology Transfer

The Paris Agreement also acknowledges the significance of technology transfer in assisting nations in transitioning to a low-carbon economy. This encompasses the creation and implementation of new and current technologies to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and boost resistance to the effects of climate change.

The Paris Accord is an important step forward in the worldwide fight to combat climate change. It provides a framework for countries to work together to decrease greenhouse gas emissions and transition to a low-carbon economy by establishing a clear objective of reducing global warming to far below 2°C over pre-industrial levels. Yet, the agreement’s success will be determined by countries’ capacity to follow through on their obligations, notably in the areas of funding and technology transfer.

Concerns have been raised in recent years that certain nations, notably the United States, would withdraw from the Paris Agreement or fail to achieve their obligations. The United States technically exited the accord in 2020, but the Biden administration has since rejoined and promised to cut greenhouse gas emissions by 50-52% below 2005 levels by 2030.

Finally, the Paris Agreement is a significant international pact that establishes a framework for addressing climate change. The pact urges governments to work together to decrease greenhouse gas emissions and transition to a low-carbon economy by establishing specific objectives and mandating frequent monitoring and openness. While accomplishing the agreement’s aims, such as funding and technology transfer, will be difficult, the sustained commitment of governments throughout the world will be critical to securing a sustainable future for our planet.


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