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Georgia Climate Change and Risks

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Georgia Climate

The Earth’s climate is changing, and it is expected to continue to change throughout the next century and beyond. Beyond the next few decades, the extent of climate change will be determined mostly by the amount of greenhouse (heat-trapping) gases generated globally, as well as the remaining uncertainty in the sensitivity of the Earth’s climate to such emissions.

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With major reductions in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, the world annual average temperature rise might be restricted to 2°C or below. Yet, if these emissions are not significantly reduced, the increase in annual average world temperatures relative to preindustrial times might reach 5°C or higher by the end of the century.

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Georgia Climate Pattern

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Georgia’s climate zones and seasonal cycle for mean temperature and precipitation from 1991 to 2020. The Köppen-Geiger climate classification system separates climates into five major climatic groups based on seasonal precipitation and temperature trends. Climate zone classifications are derived from this system.Hovering your cursor over the legend reveals the climate categories. Following the visuals is a narrative description of Georgia’s country setting and climate.

Georgia’s climate background for present climatology, 1991-2020, based on observed historical data. In order to evaluate future climate scenarios and expected change, information should be used to develop a strong understanding of current climatic circumstances. Data for the present climatology can be visualized using regional variation, the seasonal cycle, or a time series.

Both annual and seasonal data can be analyzed. The data display defaults to national-scale aggregation; however, sub-national data aggregations can be obtained by clicking on a sub-national unit within a country. Different historical climatologies are available via the Time Period selection menu. The Data Download page allows you to download data for certain coordinates.

Observed, historical data is produced by the University of East Anglia’s Climatic Research Unit (CRU). The data is displayed at a resolution of 0.5o x 0.5o (50km x 50km).

Georgia Climate Change

Climate trends, past, present, and future, must always be understood in the context of naturally occurring variability. Climate variability here, refers to the ways how climate conditions (e.g., temperature and precipitation) “flicker” from year to year within their respective usual “range of variability”.

The cause of this natural variability could be attributed to the connected atmosphere-ocean-land-ice system’s quasi-random internal variability (as weather variability is drawn out over many years). El Nio-Southern Oscillation variability is a prominent example of a cause in this category. Additional explanations include the influence of non-human nature’s periodic “forcing” events, such as explosive volcanic eruptions.

Georgia Climate Change and Risks
Georgia Climate Change and Risks

Several natural elements (internal as well as natural forcing) are listed under “internal climate variability”. This internal climate variability is constantly present, sometimes more pronounced, sometimes less so. As a result, climatology must be understood as a mean with variability around it. Variability can be quite high from year to year (high latitudes), or it can be very low in a few areas and for specific factors (i.e., temperatures in the tropics).

In contrast to natural variability, anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions and variations in atmospheric concentrations (i.e., CO2, methane) along with land surface changes and aerosol impose a distinct forcing on the climate system. The hunt for climate change signals attempts to distinguish their effects from natural background fluctuation. This signal might manifest itself as changes in the magnitude of the variability as well as a systematic trend over time.

Understand the variations in variability, trends, and the significance of change during the last 70, 50, and 30 years. It is intended to supplement the views on the climatology pages with information (Current Climatology- Climatology tab). The three parts provide various aspects of how variability may need to be considered. The variables shown are only a subset of the whole indicator collection for ease of navigation. The data on this page is generated from the ERA5 reanalysis (at 0.5o x 0.5o resolution) in order to extract daily variability.

Georgia Climate Change and Risks

Hydrometeorological dangers and natural disasters pose a threat to Georgia. Landslides, floods, flash flooding, mudflows, droughts, avalanches, severe winds, and storms are all common natural catastrophes. These dangers are caused in part by the country’s complex mountainous terrain, but they are predicted to be worsened and heightened by expected climate change (ThinkHazard).

Climate change is expected to make Georgia more vulnerable to excessive rains, landslides, earthquakes, and floods. Natural catastrophes in Georgia are likewise projected to become more dangerous and severe as a result of climate change. In recent years, the incidence of natural disasters has roughly tripled, and many of them have been classified as catastrophic, resulting in fatalities and considerable economic damage.

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